Yogesh Chauhan's Blog

How to remove special characters (dash, asterisk etc) from any string in PHP?

in PHP on January 5, 2021

There are many ways to use str_replace function.

Let’s take a look at the function first.

preg_replace

The preg_replace() function performs a regular expression searches a string for matches to a pattern and replaces them with replacement.

Syntax:


preg_replace(mixed $pattern , mixed $replacement , mixed $subject [, int $limit = -1 [, int &$count ]] ) : mixed

Simple Syntax:


preg_replace(the value to find, the value to replace, string to be searched, the maximum possible replacements for each pattern, the number of replacements)

Where first 3 parameters are required.

str_replace

The str_replace() function replaces some characters with some other characters in a string.

Syntax:


str_replace(mixed $search , mixed $replace , mixed $subject [, int &$count ] ) : mixed

Simple Syntax:


str_replace(the value to find,the value to replace,string to be searched,the number of replacements)

Where first 3 parameters are required.

strtolower

It makes the string lowercase.

Remove all special characters from a string


$cleanString = strtolower($string); 
$cleanString = preg_replace('/[^a-z0-9 -]+/', '', $cleanString);
$cleanString = str_replace(' ', '-', $cleanString);

OR make a function so that you can use it number of times


function cleanInputs($string) {
   $string = str_replace(' ', '-', $string); 
   return preg_replace('/[^A-Za-z0-9-]/', '', $string); 
}

It’s up to you if you want to remove the hyphens first or after removing the special characters.

NOTE: You can replace it with lowercase or any other letter you like. I’ve used hyphens just for example.

There is a problem though. The solution above leaves multiple hyphens in the solution.

Replace multiple hyphens with one 


$finalOutput = preg_replace('/-+/', '-', $string); 

How to remove dash form any string?


$stringWithoutDash = str_replace("-", " ", $string);

You can remove any special characters you like. One at a time if your code requires that.


$string = str_replace("-", " ", $string);
$string = str_replace("?", " ", $string);
$string = str_replace("!", " ", $string);

Just like above example, it won’t replace all the special characters but only 3.

Sources


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